Poverty in Upstate Metropolitan Areas – Characteristics and Change: 1999-2013
A paper, based, in part, on data previously presented on this blog site.
This paper examines the incidence of poverty in upstate New York cities, compared to the surrounding suburbs. The data shows that while residents of upstate suburbs enjoy incomes that are substantially higher than the national average, and poverty rates that are substantially lower, upstate cities have higher levels of poverty and lower incomes than the nation, and it shows that the level of poverty in upstate cities is growing more quickly. Compared with other rust belt cities, the economic separation of central cities and suburbs is greater in upstate New York.
- The data shows that poverty levels are particularly high for families with children under 18 – more than 50% in some cases.
- The ratio of families with children living in poverty in upstate cities to those living in poverty in suburbs is greater than the average of rust belt cities outside New York State – as much as twice as great in some cases.
- The residents of upstate cities are becoming increasingly economically segregated from those outside them. While nearly half of families with children in upstate cities are poor, only 5% to 15% of those in suburbs live in poverty.
- Residents living in poverty in upstate central cities are less educated and less likely to work than people not in poverty outside those cities.
- Households in poverty are far more likely to be headed by a single householder – usually a woman.
- Minority group members are greatly over-represented among those living in poverty.